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The top 175 IR Spanish verbs that you need to know are all written in the infinitive form with an ending that ends with -ir. The ending of the verb will depend on how it is conjugated.

Some of the words on this list are stem-changing Spanish verbs. You can read more about them and how to conjugate Spanish verbs by reading my blog post on How to Conjugate Spanish Verbs.


The Top 175 IR Spanish Verbs that You Need to Know

The most common -IR Spanish verbs that are listed on this page have been listed in alphabetical order. These words are Spanish verbs that are frequently used in the Spanish language. If you are interested in learning the Spanish verbs, review this list to see the most frequently used -IR verbs that are used in Spanish.

IR Words in Spanish

A

  • abatir – to overthrow, to knock down, or to throw down
  • abolir – to abolish
  • abrir – to open
  • aburrir – to bore, be boring
  • acudir – to attend, to answer a call, come to the rescue
  • admitir – to admit, to grant, to permit
  • añadir – to join, to augment, to increase
  • aplaudir – to applaud
  • asistir – to attend (classes)
  • asumir – to assume

B

  • balbucir – to babble
  • batir – to beat, to whip (eggs); to clap
  • batirse – to fight
  • bendecir – to bless, to praise
  • blandir – to brandish, to wave
  • bullir – to boil, to bubble up

C

  • ceñir – to cling to, be tight on; to surround encircle, to embrace
  • circunscribir – to circumscribe
  • circunscribirse – to confine, to limit
  • cohibir – to inhibit, restrain
  • cohibirse – to feel inhibited, feel embarassed
  • coincidir – to agree, to coincide, to meet
  • combatir – to fight, to combat
  • compartir – to divide, to split, to share
  • competir – to compete
  • comprimir – to compress, to cram together, to restrain
  • compungir – to sadden, to make sad
  • compungirse – to be saddened, to feel sad
  • concebir – to conceive, to become pregnant
  • concernir – to concern, to touch
  • concluir – to finish, to close, to conclude
  • concurrir –  to gather, to come together, to meet
  • conducir – to drive, to lead
  • confundir – to confuse, to confound, to mess things up royally
  • conseguir – to obtain, get
  • consentir – to permit, to allow, to tolerate
  • consumir – to consume
  • cubrir – to cover, to put the lid on
  • cumplir – to complete, to finish

D

  • decidir – to decide
  • definir – to define
  • deprimir – to depress
  • describir – to describe
  • descrubir – to discover, uncover
  • discutir – to discuss
  • distinguir – to distinguish
  • disuadir – to disuade
  • dividir – to divide

E

  • emitir – to emit
  • escribir – to write
  • escupir – to spit
  • exhibir – to exhibit
  • existir – to exist


F

  • fingir – to feign, pretend
  • fingirse – to pretend to be
  • freir – to fry
  • fruncir – to gather; to purse, pucker (lips)
  • fundir – to melt, to smelt, to cast, to unite, to join (iron)
  • fundirse – to melt, to fuse, to blow, to burn out, to merge

H

  • henchir – to fill, to stuff, to cram
  • herir – to wound, to injure, to hurt
  • hervir – to boil, to surge
  • huir – to flee, to run away, to avoid
  • hundir – to submerge, to plunge, to sink
  • hundirse – to collapse, to fall down, to be ruined

I

  • imbuir – to imbue
  • imbuirse – to become imbued
  • impedir – to prevent, to stop
  • imprimir – to print
  • incluir – to include
  • inclumpir – to break (a contract or promise); to fail to fulfill
  • incurrir – to fall into, to commit
  • inducir – to induce
  • inferir – to infer
  • influir – to influence
  • inscribir – to inscribe
  • inscribirse – to register
  • insistir – to insist
  • instruir – to instruct, to train
  • interferir – to meddle, to interfere
  • interrumpir – to interrupt
  • intervenir – to intervene
  • introducir – to introduce
  • introducirse – to go in, get in, to enter
  • intuir – to sense, to feel
  • invadir – to invade
  • invertir – to invert, reverse
  • ir – to go
  • irse – to go away, to leave


M

  • maldecir – to curse, to damn
  • malherir – to wound badly
  • malvivir – to live very badly
  • medir – to measure
  • mentir – to lie
  • morir – to die
  • mullir – to soften, to fluff up
  • muñir – to fix

N

  • nutrir – to feed, to nourish
  • nutrirse – to receive nourishment

O

  • obstruir – to obstruct, to block
  • obstruirse – to get blocked up
  • ocurrir – to happen, to occur
  • ocurrirse – to occur to
  • oir – to hear
  • omitir – to omit, to leave out
  • oprimir – to press (a button)

P

  • partir – to divide, to split, to break open
  • percibir – to perceive
  • permitir – to permit, to allow, to let
  • persistir – to persist
  • persuadir – to persuade
  • presidir – to preside
  • presumir – to presume
  • prohibir – to prohibit, to forbid, to ban
  • pudrir – to rot, putrefy, to decay
  • pulir – to polish, to finish

R

  • radiotransmitir – to broadcast
  • reabrir – to reopen
  • readmitir – to readmit, to reinstate
  • rebullir – to stir, begin to move
  • rebullirse – to stir, begin to move
  • recibir – to receive
  • recluir – to shut in, to imprison, to confine
  • reconstruir – to reconstruct
  • reconvertir – to restructure, to reorganize
  • recurrir – to appeal
  • redescubrir – to rediscover
  • redistribuir – to redistribute
  • reducir – to reduce, to cut down
  • reducirse – to be reduced, to come down
  • reexpedir – to return, send back
  • regir – to govern, to direct, to run, to manage, to be in force
  • reinvertir – to reinvest
  • reintroducir – to reintroduce
  • reír – to laugh
  • relucir – to shine, to gleam, to glitter
  • reñir – to scold, to tell off
  • repartir – to distribute, to divide, share out
  • repetir – to repeat
  • reproducir – to reproduce, to repeat
  • requerir – to require, to need
  • resistir – to hold out, to resist
  • restituir – to restore
  • resumir – to summarize
  • resurgir – to reappear
  • reunir – to get together, to put together, to gather
  • revivir – to revive, to bring back to life


S

  • sacudir – to shake off, to beat, to jerk
  • salir – to go out, to come out, to leave
  • seducir – to seduce
  • seguir – to follow
  • sentir – to feel
  • servir – to serve, to be helpful, to help
  • sobresalir – to stick out, protrude
  • sobrevenir – to happen to, befall
  • sobrevivir – to survive, to outlive
  • sonreír – to smile
  • subir – to rise, to climb, to go up, to board
  • subsistir – to subsist, remain, last
  • sufrir – to suffer
  • sugerir – to suggest
  • sumergir – to submerge
  • suplir – to replace, substitute
  • suscribir – to subscribe
  • sustituir – to substitute

T

  • teñir – to dye
  • teñirse – to dye one’s hair
  • transcribir – to transcribe
  • transigir – to compromise, give in, yield
  • transmitir – to transmit
  • trascribir – to transcribe

U

  • unir – to unite
  • urdir – to to warp, to plot, scheme
  • urgir – to be urgent, be pressing

V

  • vivir – to live, be alive


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The Top 175 IR Verbs in Spanish

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